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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

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Title: Being Affected
Subtitle: The meanings and functions of Japanese passive constructions
Written By: Mami Iwashita
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 71

Amongst the multiple and diverse meanings and functions passive
constructions hold, this study shows that the primary function of passives
in Japanese is to portray an event from the point of view of an affected
entity. It identifies three types of affectedness in Japanese passive
constructions: emotive affectedness, direct/physical affectedness, and
objective affectedness.

A key contribution of this study is to reveal how Japanese passives are
actually used in real contexts. In order to achieve this, detailed
examination of authentic written and spoken data is conducted. Some
findings of this data analysis contradict previous claims, such as the
finding of a large proportion of passives with a non-sentient subject, the
very low frequency of indirect passives and the appearance of a
considerable number of passives in a proposition with a neutral or positive

Many previous researchers have claimed a complete and apparently
transparent correlation between the syntactic and semantic distinctions of
the Japanese passive. However, through analysing authentic data, it becomes
evident that the correlation is much more subtle, and that is a matter of
degree or a continuum, rather than a discrete, black and white issue. To
reflect this view, this study proposes separate sets of categories for
syntactic and semantic distinctions.

Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Subject Language(s): Japanese
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9783895867682
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 255
Prices: Europe EURO 78.00