It was about one and a half years ago that I finally I arrived where I had always wanted to be and do what I had always wanted-- teach students, support small language communities and conduct research on African languages on my doorstep. The University of Cape Town and my new colleagues welcomed my efforts to establish the Centre for African Language Diversity-- CALDi as well as The African Language Archive-- TALA and I was recently appointed the Mellon Research Chair: African Language Diversity this initiative. The main aim of CALDi is to train young African scholars in descriptive linguistics and open up space for research into African languages at UCT with the hopes of countering the dominance of African linguistics outside the continent. It has been a great challenge for which my whole career has been a form of preparation...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
AUDITORY RESPERATIONS IN PHONOLOGY Edward S. Flemming, Standford University
This book presents evidence for a model of phonology in which words have both auditory and articulatory representations, with different constraints applying to each type of representation. The main constraints on auditory representations require contrasting sounds to be auditorily distinct from each other, i.e. these constraints implement a preference that contrasts should be easy for listeners to discriminate. This traditional notion is formalized in Optimality Theoretic terms as part of a general theory of the selection of contrasting sounds. The distinctiveness constraints interact with others (such as effort minimization and constraints relating to stress) to derive a variety of phonological phenomena, e.g. allophonic variation to maintain the distinctiveness of a contrast in different contexts, and neutralization in contexts where a contrast would be indistinct. The model is exemplified through the analysis of such patterns, drawn from a wide variety of languages. Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series.
December 2001: 144 pp Hb: 0815340419: $65.00 #45
Preface Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. The Dispersion Theory of Contrast 3. Ways of Maximizing Distinctiveness 4. Consonant-Vowel Assimilation 5. Neutralization 6. Minimization of Allomorphy 7. Conclusions References Index