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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information

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Title: Auditory Representations in Phonology
Written By: Edward S Flemming
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics

Edward S. Flemming, Standford University

This book presents evidence for a model of phonology in which words have both auditory and articulatory representations, with different constraints applying to each type of representation. The main constraints on auditory representations require contrasting sounds to be auditorily distinct from each other, i.e. these constraints implement a preference that contrasts should be easy for listeners to discriminate. This traditional notion is formalized in Optimality Theoretic terms as part of a general theory of the selection of contrasting sounds. The distinctiveness constraints interact with others (such as effort minimization and constraints relating to stress) to derive a variety of phonological phenomena, e.g. allophonic variation to maintain the distinctiveness of a contrast in different contexts, and neutralization in contexts where a contrast would be indistinct. The model is exemplified through the analysis of such patterns, drawn from a wide variety of languages. Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series.

December 2001: 144 pp
Hb: 0815340419: $65.00 #45

1. Introduction
2. The Dispersion Theory of Contrast
3. Ways of Maximizing Distinctiveness
4. Consonant-Vowel Assimilation
5. Neutralization
6. Minimization of Allomorphy
7. Conclusions

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: Routledge (Taylor and Francis)
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815340419
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 144
Prices: $65.00/GBP45.00