"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Natural Language Processing for Online Applications
This text covers the emerging technologies of document retrieval,
information extraction, and text categorization in a way which highlights
commonalities in terms of both general principles and practical issues. It
seeks to satisfy a need on the part of technology practitioners in the
Internet space, faced with having to make difficult decisions as to what
research has been done and what the best practices are. It is not intended
as a vendor guide (such things are quickly out of date), or as a recipe for
building applications (such recipes are very context-dependent). But it
does identify the key technologies, the issues involved, and the strengths
and weaknesses of the various approaches. There is also a strong emphasis
on evaluation in every chapter, both in terms of methodology (how to
evaluate) and what controlled experimentation and industrial experience
have to tell us.
Table of Contents
1. Natural language processing 1
2. Document retrieval 23
3. Information extraction 75
4. Text categorization 119
5. Towards text mining 173