The Puyuma people reside in southeastern Taiwan in Taitung City and Peinan
Township in Taitung County . There are still fourteen extant Formosan
(Austronesian) languages in Taiwan, but only thirteen indigenous groups are
officially recognised by the Taiwanese government. The present study
investigates the Nanwang dialect of the Puyuma language, spoken by the
people in Nanwang and Paoshang Suburbs of Taitung City in southern Taiwan.
The aim of this grammar is to describe the phonology and morphosyntax of
Puyuma. The work is descriptive in nature, and the theoretical framework
employed is Basic Linguistic Theory (BLT), following Dixon (1994, 1997) and
Dryer (2006). BLT emphasises the need to describe each language in its own
terms, rather than imposing on it concepts derived from other languages.
Thus, in this study, the author abandons traditional terms used by
linguists studying Philippine-type languages, such as ‘agent focus',
‘patient focus', ‘locative focus', or ‘instrumental focus', and replaces
them with the terms like ‘transitive' and ‘intransitive' that are more
familiar to most of the world's linguists.