"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Prepositions in their Syntactic, Semantic and Pragmatic Context
The growing interest in prepositions is reflected by this impressive collection of papers from leading scholars of various fields. The selected contributions of Prepositions in their Syntactic, Semantic and Pragmatic Context focus on the local and temporal semantics of prepositions in relation to their context, too. Following an introduction which puts this new approach into a thematical and historical perspective, the volume presents fifteen studies in the following areas: The semantics of space dynamics (mainly on French prepositions); Language acquisition (aphasia and code-switching); Artificial intelligence (mainly of English prepositions); Specific languages: Hebrew (from a number of perspectives -- syntax, semiotics, and sociolinguistic impact on morphology), Maltese, the Melanesian English-based Creole Bislama, and Biblical translations into Judeo-Greek.
Table of Contents
Preface Susanne Feigenbaum and Dennis Kurzon 1 Instability and the theory of semantic forms: Starting from the case of prepositions Yves-Marie Visetti and Pierre Cadiot 9 Schematics and motifs in the semantics of prepositions Pierre Cadiot 41 The theoretical status of prepositions: The case of the “prospective use” of in Franck Lebas 59 Temporal semantics of prepositions in context David S. Brée and Ian E. Pratt-Hartmann 75 Prepositions and context Ian E. Pratt-Hartmann and Nissim Francez 115 Prepositional phrases as noun modifiers in contemporary Hebrew: Grammatical, semantic and pragmatic motivations Esther Borochovsky and Hava Reppen 127 The Hebrew prepositions mi-/min ‘from, of’: Same or different? Yishai Tobin 145 A contrastive analysis of French and Hebrew prepositions: The case of sans, bli-belo and lelo Susanne Feigenbaum 171 A language in change: Declined prepositions in spoken Modern Hebrew as a case study Inbar Kimchi-Angert 193 The French preposition in contact with Hebrew Miriam Ben-Rafael 209 ‘Preposition’ as functor: The case of long in Bislama Dennis Kurzon 231 Prepositions in modern Judeo-Greek (JG) Biblical translations Julia G. Krivoruchko 249 uddiem and some remarks on grammatical aspects of Maltese prepositions Rami Saari 269 Locative prepositions in language acquisition and aphasia Mark Leikin 283 Index 299