"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond
This volume deals with issues on negation patterns in languages of West
Africa and the adjacent north and east. The first aim is to provide data on
various aspects of negation in African languages. Although the topics
addressed here reflect a great diversity of negation patterns, the
following typological features have been identified to be prominent in our
region: conflict or even incompatibility between negation and focus, use of
other indirect means of negating non-indicative mood (covered under the
term 'Prohibitive'), different negation patterns in different
Tense-Aspect-Moods (e.g. Imperfective vs. Perfective), lack of negative
indefinites, and disjunctive negative marking (often referred to as 'double
negation'). The articles presented here show that areal factors have played
a significant role in the development of negation strategies in the
languages of West Africa and beyond. On the other hand genetic factors seem
to be less prominent.