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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: On Apologising in Negative and Positive Politeness Cultures
Written By: Eva Ogiermann
Series Title: Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 191

This book investigates how speakers of English, Polish and Russian deal
with offensive situations. It reveals culture-specific perceptions of what
counts as an apology and what constitutes politeness. It offers a critical
discussion of Brown and Levinson's theory and provides counter-evidence to
the correlation between indirectness and politeness underlying their
theory. Their theory is applied to two languages that rely less heavily on
indirectness in conveying politeness than does English, and to a speech act
that does not become more polite through indirectness. An analysis of the
face considerations involved in apologising shows that in contrast to
disarming apologies, remedial apologies are mainly directed towards
positive face needs, which are crucial for the restoration of social
equilibrium and maintenance of relationships. The data show that while
English apologies are characterised by a relatively strong focus on both
interlocutors' negative face, Polish apologies display a particular concern
for positive face. For Russian speakers, in contrast, apologies seem to
involve a lower degree of face threat than they do in the other two languages.

Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: John Benjamins
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis
Subject Language(s): English
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Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9027254354
ISBN-13: 9789027254351
Prices: Europe EURO 99.00
U.S. $ 149.00
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9789027288899
Prices: Europe EURO 99.00
U.S. $ 149.00