"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Techniques of Teaching Pronunciation in ESL, Bilingual & Foreign Language Classes
Learners and teachers of languages as a native, second and foreign and other professionals benefit greatly from this book. It presents a systematic and holistic approach to the teaching of pronunciation that is cognitive in pedagogical foundation and multisensory in implementation. The approach is consistent with the recent orientations in cognitive sciences, especially Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory. The book gears the approach, methodology and techniques of teaching pronunciation away from the behaviorist audiolingual method dominated by the 'repeat-after-me' technique and the notorious letter-based phonics tradition so unjustifiably domineering in the teaching of the so-called Language Arts in the United States. Because the approach adopted in this book is cognitive, it believes that pronunciation is the function of the brain prior to being a function of the vocal organs; this is more so in the case of adult learners of pronunciation. All the techniques used in this book aim at enabling the brain to first perceive and recognize the problematic sounds before attempting at producing them. Learners need to be able to transform the initial correct impressions of sounds into cognitive habits that are activated subconsciously and automatically. The author is multilingual and his approach is the outcome of thirty years of teaching language and linguistics in different academic institutions around the world.
Table of Contents Part One: Theoretical Foundations of the Approach 1 General Approach & Principles 2 Speech Production Mechanism 3 Phonics, Phonetics and Phonology 4 Consonant Description and Classification 5 Vowel Description and Classification 6 Suprasegmentals: Rhythm, Melody and Phonetic Settings
Part Two: Methodology and Instructional Techniques 7 Techniques of Teaching Consonants andConsonant Systems 8 Techniques of Teaching Vowels and Vowel Systems 9 Techniques of Teaching Rhythm, Melody & Phonetic Settings 10 Accent: Interpretation and Application 11 Teaching Cross-language Pronunciation Problems & Phonetic Setting