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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: Cross-Language Information Retrieval
Written By: Jian-Yun Nie
Edited By: Graeme Hirst
URL: http://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/abs/10.2200/S00266ED1V01Y201005HLT008
Series Title: Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies
Description:

Abstract

Search for information is no longer exclusively limited within the native
language of the user, but is more and more extended to other languages.
This gives rise to the problem of cross-language information retrieval (CLIR),
whose goal is to find relevant information written in a different language to a
query. In addition to the problems of monolingual information retrieval (IR),
translation is the key problem in CLIR: one should translate either the query
or the documents from a language to another. However, this translation
problem is not identical to full-text machine translation (MT): the goal is not
to produce a human-readable translation, but a translation suitable for finding
relevant documents. Specific translation methods are thus required.

The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive description of the
specific problems arising in CLIR, the solutions proposed in this area, as
well as the remaining problems. The book starts with a general description of
the monolingual IR and CLIR problems. Different classes of approaches to
translation are then presented: approaches using an MT system, dictionary-
based translation and approaches based on parallel and comparable corpora.
In addition, the typical retrieval effectiveness using different approaches is
compared. It will be shown that translation approaches specifically designed
for CLIR can rival and outperform high-quality MT systems. Finally, the book
offers a look into the future that draws a strong parallel between query
expansion in monolingual IR and query translation in CLIR, suggesting that
many approaches developed in monolingual IR can be adapted to CLIR.

The book can be used as an introduction to CLIR. Advanced readers can
also find more technical details and discussions about the remaining
research challenges in the future. It is suitable to new researchers who
intend to carry out research on CLIR.

Table of Contents:
Preface
Introduction
Using Manually Constructed Translation Systems and Resources for CLIR
Translation Based on Parallel and Comparable Corpora
Other Methods to Improve CLIR
A Look into the Future: Toward a Unified View of Monolingual IR and CLIR?
References
Author Biography

Publication Year: 2010
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Computational Linguistics
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9781598298642
Pages: 142
Prices: U.S. $ 30.00
 
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9781598298635
Pages: 142
Prices: U.S. $ 40.00