"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Key Features Aimed to discover what strategies and linguistic devices a child second-language learner uses in making requests in English and what developmental path the learning process follows Attempts to clarify understanding of the pragmatic development of a learner’s interlanguage
Description This book examines the acquisition of requests in English by a seven-year-old Japanese girl during her seventeen-month residence in Australia. The study focuses on the linguistic repertoire available to the child as she attempts to make requests and vary these to suit different goals and addressees. This book helps unravel features of pragmatic development in the child’s interlanguage, a subject about which we yet know very little.
Contents Introduction; 1. Literature Review; 2. Methodology; 3. Development of Request Realisation; 4. Requestive Hints; 5. Variation in Use: 6. Requestive Goals; 7. Variation in Use: Addressees; 8. Modification; 9. Summary and Conclusions
Author information Machiko Achiba is a Professor of Applied Linguistics at Tokyo Woman’s Christian University (Tokyo Joshi Daigaku) in Japan and has been teaching for many years in the field. Her research interests are pragmatics, second language acquisition, and the methodologies of teaching English as a foreign language. She received her master’s degree from Southern Illinois University in the United States and holds her doctorate from La Trobe University in Australia. She is the mother of this study’s subject.