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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   

Title: Verb Valency Patterns
Subtitle: A Challenge for Semantics-Based Accounts
Written By: Susen Faulhaber
URL: http://www.degruyter.com/cont/fb/sk/detailEn.cfm?id=IS-9783110240719-1
Series Title: Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 71
Description:

Taking as its point of departure the general assumption that meaning is
crucial in accounting for verb complementation, this volume presents the
results of an empirical study of verb complementation patterns of
semantically similar English verbs. The semantic parallels of the verbs
selected are based on their coverage in dictionaries - first and foremost
the "Valency Dictionary of English" (Herbst, Heath, Roe and Götz 2004) - as
well as corpus research and native speaker assessments. It is demonstrated
that despite obvious similarities in complementation between such verbs,
there are still a significant number of syntactic discrepancies which
cannot be accounted for on the basis of meaning alone and that semantic
factors - such as selection restrictions and aspectual properties - do not
sufficiently correlate with the verbs' syntactic properties and
consequently do not have sufficient explanatory power.

Thus the results rigorously challenge so-called projectionist approaches
which assume the position that complementation is determined by semantic
properties and thus ought to be predictable on this basis. In the light of
a general trend towards placing greater emphasis on semantic aspects, in
the fields of construction grammar and cognitive grammar too, the number of
idiosyncratic phenomena on the level of single complements as well as whole
patterns clearly underlines the importance of storage phenomena as opposed
to rule-based generation. As such it stresses the necessity of finding ways
to systematically account for item-specific properties of verbs in any
grammatical theory of the English language.

The book is targeted at all linguists interested in the relationship
between semantics and syntax, which is one of the prevalent questions in
modern linguistics, also in the field of construction grammar and cognitive
grammar. Since the data is presented in a way which is compatible with
various theories of complementation, the target group is clearly not
restricted to any specific linguistic school. Because of the large amount
of item-specific information presented, this book is also a valuable source
for grammarians and lexicographers.

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Syntax
Lexicography
Subject Language(s): English
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Electronic
ISBN-13: 9783110240788
Pages: 357
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95
 
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9783110240719
Pages: 357
Prices: Europe EURO 99.95