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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information

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Title: A Cognitive Approach to Adverbial Subordination in European Portuguese
Subtitle: The Infinitive, the Clitic Pronoun Se and Finite Verb Forms
Written By: Rainer Vesterinen

The study of adverbial clauses in Portuguese is related to the fact that the
Portuguese speaker may chose between three different structures, i.e. the
adverbial clause may contain the plain infinitive, the inflected infinitive or a
finite verb form. In the field of Portuguese Linguistics, the analysis of these
structures has traditionally been conducted from a Generative Grammar
perspective postulating abstract rules and transformations in order to explain
the variation between these structures. As a result, focus has been put on
purely structural aspects, while conceptual differences have been highly
neglected. The present book challenges this view of linguistic analysis.
Instead of proposing a general semantic content for finite and infinitive
adverbial clauses in Portuguese—traditionally based on notions like deep
structure and surface structure—the hypothesis put forward is that these
clauses evoke different meanings and that the use of one adverbial structure
or another can be explained by the context in which it occurs and by the
conceptual content it designates. From a Cognitive Grammar perspective of
linguistic analysis, it is shown that Portuguese adverbial structures illustrate
the iconic nature of language and that their conceptual meaning can be
explained by notions such as prominence, mental spaces, control and

Publication Year: 2011
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Linguistic Theories
Cognitive Science
Subject Language(s): Portuguese
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: 9781443829281
Prices: U.K. £ 34.99