"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Markets of English
Linguistic Capital and Language Policy in a Globalizing World
The global spread of English both reproduces and reinforces oppressive
structures of inequality. But such structures can no longer be seen as
imposed from an imperial center, as English is now actively adopted and
appropriated in local contexts around the world. This book argues that such
conditions call for a new critique of global English, one that is sensitive to
both the political economic conditions of globalization and speakers’ local
Linking Bourdieu’s theory of the linguistic market and his practice-based
perspective with recent advances in sociolinguistics and linguistic
anthropology, this book offers a fresh new critique of global English. The
authors highlight the material, discursive, and semiotic processes through
which the value of English in the linguistic market is constructed, and
suggest possible policy interventions that may be adopted to address the
problems of global English. Through its serious engagement with current
sociolinguistic theory and insightful analysis of the multiple dimensions of
English in the world, this book challenges the readers to think about what we
need to do to confront the social inequalities that are perpetuated by the
global spread of English.