"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Researching Online Foreign Language Interaction and Exchange
This book provides an accessible introduction to some of the methods and theoretical approaches for investigating foreign language (FL) interaction and exchange in online environments. Research approaches which can be applied to Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) are outlined, followed by discussion of the way in which tools and techniques for data-collection in diverse online contexts can contribute to our understanding of online foreign language interaction. The compilation of chapters presents a comprehensive overview of key issues in virtual, intercultural and multimodal research contexts and gives insight into the particular challenges and situations which this area of language learning implies.
"Researching Online Foreign Language Interaction and Exchange" addresses the needs of researchers and new-comers to the area who are hoping to learn about the current state of the field by providing overviews of varying approaches and extensive literature review as well as extracts of real data to illustrate the theories, methods or issues in question.
Contents: Melinda Dooly/Robert O'dowd: Researching Online Interaction and Exchange in Foreign Language Education: Introduction to the Volume - Jonathon Reinhardt: Accommodating Divergent Frameworks in Analysis of Technology-Mediated L2 Interaction - Françoise Blin: Introducing Cultural Historical Activity Theory for Researching CMC in Foreign Language Education - Paige Ware/Brenna Rivas: Researching Classroom Integration of Online Language Learning Projects: Mixed Methods Approaches - Melinda Dooly/Mirjam Hauck: Researching Multimodal Communicative Competence in Video and Audio Telecollaborative Encounters - Andreas Müller-Hartmann: The Classroom-Based Action Research Paradigm in Telecollaboration - Luisa Panichi/Mats Deutschmann: Language Learning in Virtual Worlds - Research Issues and Methods - Martina Möllering/Mike Levy: Intercultural Competence in Computer-Mediated-Communication: An Analysis of Research Methods - Nina Vyatkina: Applying the Methodology of Learner Corpus Analysis to Telecollaborative Discourse - Breffni O'rourke: Using Eye-Tracking to Investigate Gaze Behaviour in Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication for Language Learning.