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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Hypothetical System in Turkish : From Morphosyntax to Enunciation Add Dissertation
Author: Selim Yilmaz Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.marmara.edu.tr
Institution: Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris III, Department of French and Latin Literature and Linguistics
Completed in: 2000
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Turkish
Director(s): Mary-Annick Morel

Abstract: This thesis presents a distributional study of the hypothetical structures in contemporary Turkish spoken in Turkey. Hypotheticals systematically contain the explicit marker “-sE”: this suffix is always associated with a predicate (verbal or nominal) placed at the end of the protasis (P1). We analyzed the predicative relation between the protasis and apodosis in the relational system between two propositions (P1~P2). This relation is essentially manifested by modo-temporal markers which show the link between the hypothetical and the other modalities (obligatory, optative, assertive, etc.). On the whole, our analytical and interpretative method is founded upon three perspectives: morpho-syntax, intonation, and enunciation. Morpho-syntax is the starting point, the objective is to determine hypothetical categories through their intonative and enunciative values. In order to accomplish this we collected a large corpus of dialogue, the transcription of which afforded around one hundred hypotheticals with “-sE”. Seeing the importance of the context, all hypotheticals were studied within quite lengthy utterances. This study is composed of three parts: 1) Typology of Turkish and of spontaneous oral utterances, 2) Standard hypotheticals with “-sE”, 3) Hypotheticals in “-sE” and other operations. This thesis shows that the hypothetical system of Turkish not only uses a relational system (function of “-sE”), but also illustrates the functions of three syntactic positions: initial position (ligator), central position (pause), and final position (predicate / intonation): whence the complementarity of the markers on different planes. It is effectively these three syntactic positions - especially the last – which will define the enunciative value of the hypothetical, and show the enunciator’s attitude toward the other (co-enunciation / co-locution).