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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."

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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."

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Dissertation Information

Title: The Scope of Negation Add Dissertation
Author: Vincenzo Moscati Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Università degli Studi di Siena, Ph.D. in Cognitive Science
Completed in: 2006
Linguistic Subfield(s): Semantics; Syntax;
Director(s): Luigi Rizzi
Gabriele Usberti

Abstract: The overt realization of sentential negation is subject to a broad
cross-linguistic variation, while the logical representation of the
negative operator seems to be unaffected by those surface variations.
The logical scope of negation can then be unified regardless of language
specific differences by means of an operation reminiscent of QR, labelled
Negation Raising.

This operation is supported by different kinds of evidence based on the
interactions between the negative operator and other kinds of operators. It
is shown that in languages where the Sentential Negative Marker appears in
a position immediately dominating the VP, the negative operator is able to
be interpreted taking wide scope over modal operators which dominate it at
Phonetic Form.

In accordance with a cartographic approach to the clause architecture
(Rizzi 1997), a specific position where the negative operator could be
interpreted is identified within the complementizer's system. This proposal
is supported by the presence of many languages which express sentential
negation through the use of Negative Complementizers. A complete survey of
those languages is given, including, among others, Irish, Italian, English
and Basque. Another argument in favour of the presence of a negative
feature in the CP system is given by the fact that negative sentences can
be object to phrasal selection. Assuming that selection is a local process
which involves the highest position of the embedded clause, negative
sentences can be selected only if a negative feature is allowed to appear
in the topmost node, in conformity with the Clause Typing Hypothesis
(Cheng 1991). The syntactic operation of Negation Raising seems then to be
well supported and also a possible landing site for the logic operator
might be identified within the complementizer's layer.

The operation might be further refined and formalized in Minimalistic
terms, capitalizing on a chain-formation mechanism based on the notion of
Agree. The framework adopted is the one proposed in Pesetsky and Torrego
(2004), which allows to enlarge the scope of the negative operator avoiding
some of the redundancies given by a more traditional feature-coping mechanism.

The system proposed is then tested enlarging the empirical base, and the
discussion is then extended also to negative quantifiers, polarity items
and the so called N-words (Laka 1990). The case of Italian is considered at
length, and new arguments are given in favour of lexical ambiguity of
items such as 'niente' and 'nessuno'. This new account allows to solve some
of the problems (Watanabe 2004) related to ellipsis resolution and
fragment answers with negative quantifiers can be treated in accordance
with Merchant's (2001) proposal.