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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Turkish Vocabulary Variants in Relation to Gender and Age Add Dissertation
Author: Yesim Cekicel Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Hacettepe University, Department of English Linguistics
Completed in: 1999
Linguistic Subfield(s): Sociolinguistics;
Subject Language(s): Turkish
Director(s): Ceyhun Aksoy
Aysu Erden
Gul Keskil
İsil Ozyildirim
Nalan Büyükkantarcıoğlu

Abstract: Turkish has many vocabulary items from different origins. In the
following research some of these vocabulary items which might be
called synonyms from different origins were chosen and categorised

Turkish-origin vocabulary items
Arabic/Persian-origin vocabulary items
Western-origin vocabulary items

Hypotheses were:
1) Gender and age of the speaker affect the vocabulary choice in
daily speech in Turkish.
2) There is no difference between male and female speakers’
knowledge of the three types of vocabulary items of different
3) Turkish-origin vocabulary items are known better and chosen more
frequently than Arabic/Persian-origin and Western-origin vocabulary items.

To test the above hypotheses an experimental form was given to fifty
male and fifty female subjects from five different age groups.
Data were analysed by SPSS and Excel programs for PC(Windows).

The results support three of the hypotheses.