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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."



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Dissertation Information


Title: Clitics and Agreement Add Dissertation
Author: Taylor Roberts Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.yorku.ca/twainweb/troberts/
Institution: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy
Completed in: 2000
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Pashto, Southern
Director(s): Shigeru Miyagawa
Wayne O'Neil
Kenneth Hale

Abstract: A phrase structure is developed for Pashto, the most important Indo-Iranian language for which this task remains to be undertaken. New data show that the placement, ordering, and interpretation of second-position clitics may be derived in the syntax by treating the clitics as agreement heads that identify null arguments in their specifiers. In contrast to previous accounts, the need for phonological operations is drastically reduced, being restricted to sentences containing only a verb (in which prosodic inversion applies as a last resort).

In the course of investigating the role of clitics with respect to argument structure and syntactic derivation, several novel phenomena are uncovered that do not exist in better studied languages. Some of the features scrutinized include compound verbs, agreement, aspect, ergativity, word order (scrambling), possessor raising and dislocation, ambiguity, relative clauses, and overt vs. covert movement.