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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: Direct and Reverse Interference: The case of English and Efik Add Dissertation
Author: Offiong Offiong Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Calabar, PhD in Linguistics
Completed in: 2007
Linguistic Subfield(s): Sociolinguistics;
Subject Language(s): Efik
Director(s): Michael Ekere
Bassey Okon

Abstract: This dissertation proposes a standardized approach to the analysis of
Direct and Reverse Interference. It is in the sociolinguistic field taking
into cognizance contact and borrowing. The languages in focus are Efik and
English and have bilingualism within its ambience. The dissertation
presents a macro-sociolinguistic profile of the Efik language, its users
and uses within the English context, incorporating perspectives from
psycholinguistics (verbal processes and discourse analysis). It goes
further to use the following levels of linguistics: phonology (phonemic
theory), syntax (Lexical Functional Grammar theory - LFG), and
sociolinguistics (anthropological theory) to analyze the data. All of these
have aided the discovery that the study of interference, which has to do
with the transference of elements of one language to another at various
linguistic levels, is what leads to the high incidences of code mixing and
code switching by bilinguals. It has also been discovered that the contact
between Efik and English, which dates back to 1800, has been of benefit to
the Efik language because of the high level of lexical borrowing. This
research measures the level of indices of interference between the two
languages in question and will serve as a wake up call to the Efik people
to ensure that their language does not become extinct.