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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Zahl und Numerale.Eine Untersuchung zur Korrelation konzeptueller und sprachlicher Strukturen Add Dissertation
Author: Heike Wiese Update Dissertation
Institution: Humboldt-Universit├Ąt zu Berlin, Department for German Language and Lingustics
Completed in: 1996
Linguistic Subfield(s): Semantics;
Director(s): Thomas Zimmerman
Norbert Fries
Manfred Bierwisch

Abstract: 'Number and Numeral. The correlation of conceptual and linguistic structures.'
(Dissertation in German)

Numeral constructions are discussed as an example of how conceptual and linguistic structures can be related to each other. The analysis reveals systematic interdependencies of semantic-conceptual and morpho-syntactic representations. The model I propose accounts for cardinal constructions ('twelve knights' / 'six tons of goat cheese' / 'six meters above the door' / 'Karen sneezed six times / for six hours.'), ordinal constructions ('the third man'), and #-constructions ('bus #23' / 'the #1 in my life'). The analysis of cardinal constructions is based on a discussion of semantic and syntactic representations for count nouns and mass nouns (transnumeral nouns).

Based on modern theories of measurement, I design an ontology for numerical and mathematical cognition which is based on subdomains for quantitative, ordinal, and nominal aspects of number assignment. The analysis takes into account results from linguistics, cognitive psychology, and the philosophy of mathematics.

Conceptual representations are related to syntactic structures by semantic representations that account for the referential and combinatorial potential of linguistic items.

I show that inter- and intralinguistic morpho-syntactic parallels and differences can be associated with semantic-conceptual similarities and contrasts. These structural correspondences are related to other word classes and discussed in respect to their implications for the syntax-semantic interface.