|Title:||Bilingualism in Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Quintana Roo, Mx. (Bilingualismus in Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Quintana Roo, Mx).||Add Dissertation|
|Author:||Carsten Otto||Update Dissertation|
|Email:||click here to access email|
|Institution:||Universität Hamburg, Department of Cultural History and Cultural Studies|
|Linguistic Subfield(s):||Sociolinguistics; Anthropological Linguistics;|
|Abstract:||Based on the assumption that the choice of a particular language may
indicate a certain ethnic identity and consequently ethnic identity
influences language choice, the present study describes the result of an
empirical investigation into language choice and language attitudes of
bilingual (Yucatec - Spanish) speakers in the small Mexican town of Felipe
Carrillo Puerto, Quintana Roo, the heartland of the so-called Zona Maya.
Against the background of the ethnogenesis of the population of the Zona
Maya and the closely related foundation of Felipe Carrillo Puerto as well
as the ongoing cultural change, the questions raised in the project regard
the description of language choice (in Fishman's  sense) in a given
speech community in certain domains. But not only does it aim to sketch the
bilingual situation among the descendants of the Cruzo'ob-Maya living in
Felipe Carrillo Puerto, it also aims to outline a method of the assessment
of ethnic identity, and the use of the outcome of this assessment as an
independent variable in the sociolinguistic analysis of linguistic
behavior. The Cruzo'ob Maya are the result of a revitalization movement
which aimed at the social, military, and political cohesion of uprising
landworkers during the Caste War of Yucatan (1847-1901).
It has been shown that the choice of Yucatec was surprisingly rather the
exception than the rule in all domains, except for the family-domain.
Based on the data gathered for the language choice in this particular
domain it seems plausible to assume, that even within the family-domain -
the most important one (in Fishman's sense) for the intergenerational
transmission of an indigenous language - there is a massive language shift
underway in which Yucateca Maya is being marginalized. This marginalization
is accompanied by and owing to a loss of ethnic affinity, i.e. affinity to
the Cult of the Talking Cross of the Cruz'ob-Maya in Felipe Carrillo Puerto.