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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Comparative Evaluation of Modular Automatic Summarisation Systems Using CAST Add Dissertation
Author: Constantin Orasan Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Wolverhampton, School of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences
Completed in: 2006
Linguistic Subfield(s): Computational Linguistics;
Director(s): Ruslan Mitkov
Chris Paice

Abstract: The information overload faced by today's society poses great challenges to
researchers who want to find a relevant piece of information. Automatic
summarisation is a field of computational linguistics which can help humans
to deal with this information overload by automatically extracting the gist
of documents.

This thesis attempts to gain insights into the automatic summarisation
field from several different angles. First, it performs qualitative,
quantitative and comparative evaluations of different automatic
summarisation methods. These summarisation methods are built around a
term-based summariser which is then augmented with additional linguistic
information which includes lexical, semantic and discourse information. On
the basis of these evaluations, it was noticed that the choice of modules
which provide low-level linguistic information (e.g. morphological
processors) does not influence the results significantly, but higher level
linguistic information, such as anaphora resolution and shallow information
about discourse structure, leads to significant improvements of the summaries.

In order to have a comprehensive view of how good summaries produced by a
given method are, the evaluation performed in this thesis measures both the
informativeness of the summaries produced and the quality of their
discourse structure. Moreover, a method which determines the upper limit
for informativeness is proposed to demonstrate the limits of extraction
techniques. Comparison between the informativeness and the quality of
discourse reveals no correlation between them.

A third direction pursued in this research is to replace conventional
iterative extraction methods, which extract one sentence at a time without
considering the rest of the sentences in the summary, with more holistic
ones, where the decision to extract a sentence is determined not only by
the content of a sentence, but also by the rest of the sentences extracted.
To this end, a genetic algorithm which encodes the whole summary is
implemented and is shown to produce better summaries than its iterative