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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: Crosslinguistic Influences in the Acquisition of Spanish as a Third Language Add Dissertation
Author: Patricia Bayona Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Western Ontario, Interdisciplinary Program of Linguistics
Completed in: 2009
Linguistic Subfield(s): Language Acquisition;
Director(s): David Heap
Jeff Tennant

Abstract: Our study is focused on cross-linguistic influences in Spanish L3
acquisition by learners with English L1 and French L2. We based our
observations in a corpus of written compositions from which we extracted
the errors and classified them according to the possible influence from
French and English that might have caused them. In addition, we did an
error analysis database with the lexical, morphological and structural
features that these errors exhibited, which we crosstabulated with
information obtained in a linguistic profile that our participants responded.

This mixed approach of the analysis of this written corpus combined with
inferential statistics of the qualitative descriptions of error analysis
data and the linguistic profiles information has allowed us to support the
argument that L3 acquisition is not an identical process to L2 acquisition
(Hall, 2001; Leung, 2005). The study also provides quantitative evidence to
confirm the notion that the principles of recency, typological-lexical
similarity, and proficiency are activated in Spanish L3 learners (Cenoz,
2001; Dewaele, 1998; Hammarberg, 2001). In addition, we have shown that the
social and academic contexts of the L3 learners are related factors to the
production of CLIs in the written performance of Spanish L3 individuals.

Our study incorporates the interpretation of the mental representation of
the language mode of trilinguals as proposed by Grosjean (2001; 2004),
applied to third language learners. We offer an extended perspective for
the application of the model in which the activation of previously acquired
languages is independent of external factors such as the perceived
linguistic background of the receptor of the message, as originally
proposed by Grosjean.

In sum, our holistic approach integrates qualitative and quantitative
elements of the error analysis and participant profile data. We discuss how
this approach can shed light on the dynamics that lie behind the production
of crosslinguistic influences in the written production of third language
learners.