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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: The Development of Tone in Panjabi as Evidenced in the Poetic Alliteration Patterns Add Dissertation
Author: Carrie Estill Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 1985
Linguistic Subfield(s): Historical Linguistics;
Director(s): Andrew Sihler
Robin Cooper
Valdis Zeps
Frances Wilson
Donald Becker

Abstract: Since the Nineteenth Century scholars have observed that Panjabi, unlike
the other Indo-European languages of India, has tone. My thesis is divided
into four chapters: (I) A short description of Pnajabi phonology. (II) A
review of the literature concerning Panjabi tone. (III) A discussion of
tone in languages other than Panjabi. (IV) Evidence from poetry supporting
my thesis that the tonal phenomenon in Panjabi is recent. In the last
chapter I examine poetry from the Adi Granth, poetry by Shah Husain, the
Epic of Hira and Ranjha by Varis Shah, and poetry by many modern poets.
Evidence for initial alliteration between voiceless unaspirates and voiced
aspirates is common only in the work of the modern poets, suggesting that
the changes in tone occurred recently, perhaps as recently as the
Nineteenth Century.