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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Contribution à l'étude systématique de l'organisation des tours de parole : Les chevauchements en français et en allemand [Contribution to the systematic study of turn organization: Overlaps in French and German] Add Dissertation
Author: Florence Oloff Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: ENS-LSH, ENS-LSH and University of Mannheim Cotutelle Program
Completed in: 2009
Linguistic Subfield(s): Discourse Analysis; Pragmatics;
Subject Language(s): French
Director(s): Lorenza Mondada
Werner Kallmeyer

Abstract: Le chevauchement, c’est-à-dire la prise de parole simultanée d'au moins
deux locuteurs, est un phénomène omniprésent dans la conversation. Inscrit
dans le cadre théorique de l'Analyse Conversationnelle et de la
linguistique interactionnelle, notre travail se penche sur la parole
simultanée considérée comme un phénomène systématique et ordonné qui
appartient aux pratiques routinières de l'alternance des tours de parole.
Nos analyses se fondent sur des transcriptions d'enregistrements vidéo de
données interactionnelles naturelles, des conversations ordinaires en
français et en allemand. Nous ne portons pas uniquement un regard sur le
chevauchement en tant que phénomène audible, mais le concevons comme une
pratique incarnée en interaction, qui est également implémentée par des
ressources visibles. À l'analyse séquentielle s'ajoute donc une analyse
multimodale, qui nous permet de tenir compte des constellations
participatives dynamiques lors du chevauchement. Le travail analytique se
focalise sur trois phénomènes spécifiques dans lesquels la parole
simultanée intervient de manière significative : d'abord l'auto-répétition
faisant suite au chevauchement, ensuite l'abandon de tour de parole d'un
locuteur lors de la parole simultanée et enfin la complétion différée, la
continuation retardée d'une prise de parole en chevauchement avec
l'intervention d'un interlocuteur. Cette thèse contribue à une
compréhension approfondie de ces trois phénomènes et démontre que
l'organisation de la parole simultanée est étroitement liée à la gestion de
trajectoires d'action complexes et de cadres participatifs dynamiques.

Overlapping talk, e.g. simultaneous talk of at least two speakers, is an
omnipresent phenomenon in conversation. Inspired by conversation analysis
and interactional linguistics, this dissertation focuses on simultaneous
talk as a systematic and orderly phenomenon which is part and parcel of the
routinely practices of turn-taking. The analyses are based on
transcriptions of videotaped natural interactions, ordinary conversations
in French and German. Instead of treating overlap as an exclusively audible
phenomenon, we conceive it as an embodied practice in interaction, which is
also implemented by the use of visible resources. Thus, the sequential
analysis is completed by a multimodal approach, allowing us to take into
account the dynamic participation frameworks during overlapping talk in
multi-party interactions. Our analytical work focuses on three specific
phenomena which involve simultaneous talk in a significant way: first,
post-overlap self-repetition, second, the drop out of one speaker and his
withdrawal from the floor during overlap, and third, delayed completion,
the postponed completion of a turn in overlap with a co-participant's turn.
Our work contributes to a deeper understanding of those three interactional
phenomena and shows that the organization of overlap is closely linked to
the management of complex turns and actions and to the management of
dynamic participation frameworks.