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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Contributions cognitive et énonciative au repérage des lexies métaphoriques : domaines anglais - français Add Dissertation
Author: Denis Jamet Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Université Lyon 1, Linguistique, Langues et Discours
Completed in: 2002
Linguistic Subfield(s): Pragmatics; Cognitive Science;
Subject Language(s): English
Director(s): Malcolm Clay
Claude Delmas

Abstract: This doctoral dissertation traces the long history of metaphor, from Aristotle to contemporary research, especially through the work of the American cognitive linguists. We first define metaphor by opposition to other linguistic structures, such as metonymy, synecdoche and comparison. Its role and evolution are then studied by the yardstick of cognitive linguistics, as well as the French linguistic theory known as 'the utterer-centered approach to language', two theories that are here applied together. We examine the various language structures metaphor can take on through an utterer-centered approach to language, keeping in mind the ubiquitous conceptual nature of metaphor. Emphasis is laid on metaphorical vagueness and proliferation, two notions which not only represent the main asset, but the raison d'être of metaphor. The fundamentally dynamic nature of metaphor--exemplified not only by its polysemy, but also by the linguistic evolution it can follow--is related to the role it plays in the linguistic system and in its evolution. The hypothesis on which this dissertation is based is confirmed by the fact that this conceptual structure leaves traces when uttered in a specific situation of utterance; these traces are visible in the form of an additional structure. The examination of the linguistic traces of what we are entitled to call the utterer-centered approach to metaphorical operation constitutes the privileged central theme of research, and its application to the English and French corpora throws new light on metaphor.