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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Toward a Unified Analysis of Passives in Japanese: A cartographic minimalist approach Add Dissertation
Author: Tomoko Ishizuka Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 2010
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Japanese
Director(s): Anoop Mahajan
Dominique Sportiche
Hilda Koopman

Abstract: This dissertation re-examines and re-analyzes the extensively studied
passive voice system in Japanese within a current version of Generative
Grammar-Cartographic Minimalism. Contrary to the standard assumption that
Japanese passives consist of (at least) two distinct types of passives,
direct and indirect (gapless), this dissertation motivates a unified
movement analysis and extends Collins' (2005) smuggling analysis to
Japanese passives. It is shown here that a unified movement account is not
only theoretically desirable but also feasible and independently supported.

This dissertation establishes the following: (i) the dichotomy between
direct and indirect passives is not only unnecessary but also empirically
inadequate, (ii) the derivation of all passives involves movement, (iii)
the passive morpheme -rare never assigns a theta-role, and (iv)
case-markers and postpositions disappear under movement - in both
relativization and passivization - in Japanese. The last property makes it
difficult to identify the source position of the derived subject in
Japanese passives. It is shown here that the derived subject always
originates in the complement domain of -rare and corresponds to an
accusative, dative, genitive, or oblique source in the active counterpart.

The analysis pursued here is a modular one in which interactions among the
lexical properties of the morpheme -(r)are, independently-motivated
principles of Universal Grammar, and the derivational path taken by the DP
occupying the nominative position together give rise to different clusters
of properties observed with different passive types. The dissertation also
addresses the issues of interspeaker variability, the requirement of
supportive context, and their implications for differences in individual