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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."

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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Contrasting Causatives: A minimalist approach Add Dissertation
Author: Mercedes Tubino-Blanco Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Arizona, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 2010
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): English
Director(s): Heidi Harley
Andrew Carnie
Rudolph Troike

Abstract: This dissertation explores the mechanisms behind the linguistic expression
of causation in English, Hiaki (Uto-Aztecan) and Spanish. Pylkkänen's
(2002, 2008) analysis of causatives as dependent on the parameterization of
the functional head vCAUSE is chosen as a point of departure. The studies
conducted in this dissertation confirm Pylkkänen's claim that all
causatives involve the presence of vCAUSE. They further confirm that
variation is conditioned by both the selectional and 'Voice-bundling'
properties of the causative head. I show that this pattern triggers
differences across languages, although other factors are also responsible
for the existence of multiple causative configurations within languages. In
some languages (e.g. English), causatives require the obligatory presence
of an external argument (i.e., Causer). I provide additional data
supporting Pylkkänen’s proposal that causation (in certain languages) may
also exist in the absence of a syntactic Causer. In particular, I offer
data from Hiaki indirect causatives and Spanish desiderative causatives
(e.g., ¿Te hace salir? '2sg.dat (expl) makes go.out, Do you feel like going
out?'), and weather/temporal constructions (e.g., Hace mucho calor '(expl)
makes much heat, It's very hot') in support of this hypothesis.

The results of this research, however, question Pylkkänen's claim that
certain languages may allow the Root-causativization of transitives and
unergatives. I show that this is not possible even in languages that
exhibit Causer-less causatives (e.g., Hiaki). Moreover, certain
unaccusatives (e.g., arrive) also resist (Root) causativization
cross-linguistically, regardless of the 'Voice-bundling' properties
inherent to the causativizing head. I claim that this happens in contexts
in which unaccusative verbs exhibit 'unergative' behavior (i.e., whenever
they involve syntactic elements that are base-generated in positions higher
than the root).

Cross-linguistic variation in the expression of causation is not always a
direct consequence of the internal properties of the causative predicate.
Because of language-internal requirements, different languages impose
specific limitations on the syntactic realization of causative structures.
For instance, English and Spanish heavily rely on Agreement relations among
their constituents. The consequence of this is that it is difficult in
these languages to discern what elements really are part of causation and
what elements are not, as well as the nature of the elements involved in
causatives (e.g., whether the dative in Spanish productive causatives is an
external argument or an applicative). This dissertation addresses all these