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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Impact of Mode of Input and Task Repetition on Story Retellings in Second Language Learning Add Dissertation
Author: Sachiyo Nishikawa Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Lancaster University, BA programmes in Language and Linguistics
Completed in: 2012
Linguistic Subfield(s): Applied Linguistics;
Director(s): Martin Bygate

Abstract: This study investigates the impact of two modes of input (oral and written) and of task repetition on L2 narrative speech production. It specifically explores (1) the impact of the two modes of input on L2 oral narrative production, (2) the impact of repetition of a task on L2 oral narrative production, (3) the interaction of mode and task repetition, (4) the impact of learners’ vocabulary knowledge on L2 oral narrative production, and (5) learners’ reflections on their awareness of the change in their task performance.

Twenty-four Japanese undergraduates participated in the study. The cohort was divided into two groups (an oral input group and a written input group) utilising a 3,000 word vocabulary test (Nation, 2001). In Week 1, each group received their respective input and performed the same narrative retelling tasks. In Week 2, the tasks were repeated, and retrospective interviews were conducted with 12 students (6 from each group) in their L1. Narrative speech production was analysed in terms of fluency, complexity and accuracy, and the interviews were analysed qualitatively.

The results of the study revealed that the Oral Input group produced more syllables per minute than the Written Input group, and task repetition had an impact on fluency and accuracy. The findings consistently revealed that vocabulary level was associated with syntactic complexity and accuracy measures. The analysis of the interview data complemented the quantitative analysis, showing differences in perceptions of the input modes and task conditions between the two groups. Both groups tended to be aware of gains in comprehension which helped them to produce more speech.

The study identifies some pedagogical implications, including for the practical use of input mode and repetition in classrooms.