Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login

New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



E-mail this page 1

We Have a New Site!

With the help of your donations we have been making good progress on designing and launching our new website! Check it out at https://linguistlist.org/!
***We are still in our beta stages for the new site--if you have any feedback, be sure to let us know at webdevlinguistlist.org***

Dissertation Information


Title: The Role of Alternation in Phonological Relationships Add Dissertation
Author: Yu-An Lu Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 2012
Linguistic Subfield(s): Phonology;
Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin
English
Korean
Director(s): Ellen Broselow
Marie Huffman
Arthur Samuel
Kathleen Hall
José Elías-Ulloa

Abstract: The concept of phonological relationships has been central in most, if not all,
theories of phonology. The goal of this dissertation is to determine the
contributions of two factors, distribution and alternation, in leading speakers
to group sounds as members of the same category. Using previously
established methods of testing speakers’ perception and processing of
sounds—similarity ratings, discrimination on a continuum, and semantic
priming—I investigate the processing of coronal fricatives in three different
languages: (i) English, in which the contrast between s and sh may signal
differences in meaning (as in see vs. she), though the two sounds participate
in limited morphological alternations as in press/pressure; (ii) Korean, in
which s and sh are in complementary distribution and participate in regular
and productive morphological alternations; and (iii) Mandarin, in which s and
sh are in complementary distribution but do not participate in allomorphic
alternations due to Mandarin’s lack of affixation and its phonotactic
restrictions. The relationship between s and sh in Mandarin, due to the
conflicting evidence from distribution and alternation, has been a matter of
controversy. The results from the similarity rating experiment showed that
both the Mandarin and English speakers rated s vs. sh as more different than
did Korean speakers, suggesting that the Mandarin speakers, who have
access only to distributional evidence, are less likely to treat s/sh as
members of a single category than the Korean speakers, who are exposed to
evidence from both distribution and morphological alternation. Furthermore,
the judgments from the speakers of all three languages varied in different
vowel contexts, suggesting that the assignment of two sounds as members
of the same or separate categories is not necessarily absolute. These
findings suggest that multiple factors contribute to the formation of phoneme
categories and that phonological relationships are gradient rather than
categorical.