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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: The online and offline Processing of this, that and it by native Speakers of English and by Turkish non-native Speakers of English Add Dissertation
Author: Derya Cokal Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Middle East Technical University, Foreign Language Education
Completed in: 2012
Linguistic Subfield(s): Applied Linguistics; Psycholinguistics;
Director(s): Fernanda Ferreira
Sukriye Ruhi
Patrick Sturt
Wolf Konig

Abstract: This thesis explores the online processing of this, it and that in English
and compares the processing strategies of Turkish non-native
speakers (NNSs) with those of native speakers of English (NSs) by
running three independent groups of online reading and norming
experiments. The first group of eye-tracking experiments, together with
a corpus study, test the deictic access of this and that to the left (earlier
clause) and right (immediately preceding clause) frontiers. The results
indicated that (1) with both this and that there is a preference for
events on the right frontier as antecedents, although this preference
was greater for that than for this; (2) the left frontier could provide
antecedents more frequently for this than for that; and (3) the reliance
of existing theories of textual deixis on an analogy with spatial deixis in
spoken discourse may be flawed. However, NNSs were shown to
employ a strategy of analogy with spatial deixis in processing textual
deixis. The second group of experiments tested the antecedent
preferences (proposition vs. noun phrase) of it, this and that. In online
reading, NSs did not show strong preferences, whereas NNSs
performed form-function mappings. Like NSs, NNSs used shallow or
‘flexible’ processing. Relying on the interface hypothesis (1), it is
argued that NNSs show a residue of L1 and ‘residual indeterminacy' at
the level of discourse. A ‘good enough’ approach (2) can explain the
shallow processing of NSs. The third group of experiments tested the
role of noun phrases (distant NP vs. recent NP) in the antecedent
preferences of this and it. In contrast to the experiments above, NSs
and NNSs had the same preferences but used different processing
strategies. The scale from uninterpretable features to interpretable
features is proposed to explain different performances across