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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Morphosyntax and Morphophonology of Japanese Predicates Add Dissertation
Author: Kunio Nishiyama Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Cornell University, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 1998
Linguistic Subfield(s): Morphology; Phonology; Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Japanese
Director(s): John Whitman
Chris Collins

Abstract: This thesis argues for a non-lexical view of the agglutination characteristic of Japanese predicates. Inflectional features are concatenated syntactically or post-syntactically, without any phonological features. Phonological features are supplied at Morphological Structure after syntax, through the mechanism of phonological insertion rules ordered by subset relations (Distributed Morphology, Halle and Marantz 1993).

After reviewing several approaches to morphology in chapter 2, I discuss in chapter 3 two seemingly distinct subclasses of Japanese adjectives. I claim that there is no syntactic (i.e., categorial) difference between them. Rather, the difference is morphological in the sense of Distributed Morphology. Since the difference can be captured only at the morphological level, the analysis provides strong support for the view of morphology as an independent level. The analysis also gives morphological evidence for Bowers' (1993) theory of predication, which claims that whenever there is predication, there is a syntactic projection associated with predication.

Japanese verbs show overt morphological alternations in transitive-intransitive pairs. Chapter 4 claims that such alternating morphemes head a syntactic projection that determines transitivity of the clause, supporting recent views on clause structure where the external argument is introduced by a phrase that selects lexical VP.

Based on the results of chapter 4, I argue in chapter 5 that V-V compounds in Japanese are formed in the syntax. More specifically, V-V compounds are cases of verb serialization of the sort widely known from Kwa languages of West Africa (Collins 1997b). The analysis provides another piece of support for the clause structure argued for in chapter 4. A natural consequence of the (post-)syntactic view of morphology of this thesis is that V-V compounds cannot be formed in the lexicon. I show that previous lexical accounts for these constructions cannot cover the full range of data in a principled way.