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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Perception and Production of SSBE Vowels by Syrian Arabic learners:The foreign language model Add Dissertation
Author: Rana Alhussein Almbark Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: https://sites.google.com/a/york.ac.uk/ranaalmbark/
Institution: University of York, Department of Language and Linguistic Science
Completed in: 2012
Linguistic Subfield(s): Phonetics; Phonology; Language Acquisition;
Subject Language(s): Arabic, Standard
English
Director(s): Sam Hellmuth

Abstract: This thesis presents an examination of the perception and production
of Standard Southern British English (SSBE) vowels by Syrian Arabic
(SA) Foreign language (FL) learners. The focus of this thesis is the FL
learners who learned their English in their country and mostly by non-
native teachers. Thus, by definition, the FL learners do not have native
English input on a daily basis. This thesis reports on an empirical
investigation of the Second Language (L2) perceptual and production
patterns of a group of FL learners, which has received little interest in
the literature, combining insights from current cross-language speech
perception (Perceptual Assimilation Model) (Best 1994, 1995, 1999)
and L2 learning models (Speech Learning Model) (Flege 1995). These
models were mainly developed to account for early and advanced L2
learners, respectively. Thus, this study aims to develop an account for
the perception and production of FL learners based on current L2
models.

Results indicate that the specific learning context of FL learners is
reflected in their perception and production patterns. For example,
these learners live in a predominantly L1 environment, and their L2
input is mainly taken in a classroom and mostly by local teachers.
However, this study argues that though FL learners lack native L2
input, they do have access to the phonology, syntax, and structures of
the L2 via direct teaching. It is also shown that the perceptual patterns
of the learners succeeded in predicting their production patterns, which
has implications on the perception-production link for L2 learners, in
general, and for FL learners in particular.

The main outcome of the present thesis is that it develops an account
of the perception and production of FL learners. It outlines the main
principles for a proposed Foreign Language Model, in which the
peculiarities of FL learners are taken into consideration compared to
other groups of learners.