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On the Offensive

By Karen Stollznow

On the Offensive " This book sheds light on the derogatory phrases, insults, slurs, stereotypes, tropes and more that make up linguistic discrimination. Each chapter addresses a different area of prejudice: race and ethnicity; gender identity; sexuality; religion; health and disability; physical appearance; and age."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Syntax of Comparative Correlatives in Persian Add Dissertation
Author: Mehrnoosh Taherkhani Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://
Institution: Tarbiat Modares University, Linguistics
Completed in: 2017
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Persian, Iranian
Language Family(ies): Indo-European
Director(s): Mohammad Dabir Moghaddam
Arsalan Golfam

Abstract: This dissertation is an analysis, assuming the framework of Minimalist Program, of the syntactic derivation of comparative correlative constructions (hereafter CCs for short) in Persian. It attempts to evaluate the theoretical adequacy of extant treatments of CCs and propose an alternative analysis to the prevailing adjunct approach. CC constructions exist cross linguistically. In Persian, a simplex CC sentence consists of two non-coordinated clauses; the lexical word harche (how much), which indicates degree, is obligatory in first clauses and the second clause can optionally contain the lexical referential word hamanghadr (that much). Unlike the English comparative phrase, which has been shown to undergo A-bar movement in earlier studies, the harche-constituent remains in situ in Persian. I argue that harche is base-generated in [Spec, DegP] and behaves as an indefinite in-situ degree element on a par with an in-situ wh-element. In addition to the idiosyncratic in-situ degree-phrase, another property of CCs is the syntactic interdependency between the constitutive clauses. Earlier studies (Dikken 2005, Taylor 2006, 2009, Tsao and Hsiao 2002) treat the preceding clause as an adjunct. However, an adjunct approach cannot account for the property of syntactic interdependency. As an alternative, I assume Rizzi’s (1997) work on the Split CP Hypothesis, arguing that Persian CCs implicate the information structure in the left periphery and that they are a type of Focus construction. A Persian CC sentence is projected by a null functional head Foc0. The first clause is focused and base-generated in [Spec, FocP] and the second clause is the complement of the null Foc0. The [+focus] feature in Foc0 licenses the co-occurrence degree phrases in both clauses.