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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."



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Dissertation Information


Title: Universal Constraints on Relationally Complex Clauses Add Dissertation
Author: J. Bickford Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of California San Diego, Linguistics Department
Completed in: 1987
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Choctaw
French
Indonesian
Italian
Korean
Mazatec, Huautla
Kinyarwanda
Seri
Director(s): David Perlmutter

Abstract: This study examines relationally complex clauses, that is, clauses which contain more than one instance of passive, advancements to 2, dummy entrances, ascensions, and similar constructions. Within the framework of relational grammar (RG), it argues that there are strict restrictions on combinations of these constructions in single clauses. Besides discussing previously recognized restrictions, much of the study is focused on a new law introduced in chapter 2, called the Nuclear Novice Law (NNL). The NNL provides a unitary account of pretheoretically distinct phenomena over a broad range of natural languages, including Bahasa Indonesia, Choctaw, French, Italian, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Mazatec, and Seri. Two combinations are examined in great detail: passive with ditransitive and applicative verbs, and 2-1 advancement with impersonal clauses. Besides their intrinsic interest, these phenomena provide evidence in favor of an approach to syntax which incorporates grammatical relations at multiple syntactic levels, since the laws which regulate them make cruicial reference to these concepts.