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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."

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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Cause und Change: Thematische Relationen und Ereignisstrukturen in Konzeptualisierung und Grammatikalisierung (Cause and Change: Thematic relations and event structure in conceptualization and grammaticalization) Add Dissertation
Author: Holden Haertl Update Dissertation
Institution: Universit├Ąt Leipzig, English Department
Completed in: 1999
Linguistic Subfield(s): Semantics;
Director(s): Christopher Habel
Susan Olsen
Anita Steube

Abstract: The dissertation aims to define the mapping mechanisms that are at work between the conceptual and the grammatical level. This is done from a procedural vantage point thus modeling a theory of language production. Two types of information are considered crucial for the mapping operations: Thematic relations on the extra-linguistic side and their indirect encoding in event structures on the grammatical/lexical side.

Conceptually, thematic relations are established by a so-called conceptualizer that assigns and calculates two basic features of objects: CAUSE and CHANGE. These two features are described as primitive entities that are associated with universal knowledge structures applied in concept acquisition. By means of these two features an event representation can be projected/conceptualized with all the thematic dependencies encoded directly.

A so-called thematic processor systematically maps the corresponding conceptual structures onto lexico-semantic - i.e. grammatical - structures, which encode only event structural properties ('Aktionsarten') of expressions. Because thematic structure is not visible in grammar, unambiguous event structural constellations have to ensure in grammatical terms that the extra-linguistic thematic properties of event conceptualizations can be inferred correctly.

The theory is tested empirically/experimentally and theoretically against the background of a special linguistic phenomenon: the class of German psych verbs, which express causal relationships in the abstract domain of mental states. The seemingly identical thematic relations of the two groups of psych verbs (e.g. 'fascinate' vs. 'adore') are realized in syntactic positions which systematically diverge. It is argued that 'fascinate'- as well as 'adore'-verbs express (implicit) causal relations on the conceptual level, their event structures, however, differ: While 'adore'-verbs express states, 'fascinate'-verbs realize temporally homogeneous activities and are therefore to be treated as any other activity verb like 'dance' or 'hunt'. Thus (through linking rules) the cross-wise syntactic realization of the arguments comes about systematically. These hypotheses are tested empirically by means of an ERP study (event related brain potential) and several questionnaire studies.