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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: Research on the Aspectual Auxiliaries of Dingji Dialect (Anhui, China) Add Dissertation
Author: Xiangbo Liu Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Peking University, Chinese Languages and Literature
Completed in: 1997
Linguistic Subfield(s): Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin
Director(s): Wang Futang

Abstract: Research on the Aspectual Auxiliaries of Dingji Dialect
This work makes use of a language corpus of the common verbs and adjectives of Dingji dialect to produce a complete descriptive analysis of the grammatical function and grammatical meaning of the aspectual auxiliaries in Dingji dialect#(6!
The investigation of the grammatical function and grammatical meaning of the aspectual auxiliaries begins with an investigation into the distribution of each aspectual auxiliary in the corpus of Dingji dialect common verbs and adjectives and looks at their ability to collocate with 1834 verbs and 592 adjectives and determines the restrictive function of different classes of verbs and adjectives on the aspectual auxiliaries. The second part of the investigation places aspectual auxiliaries in various grammatical structures and grammatical slots in order to define their distributional capability and determine the variation of their grammatical meaning in different distributions.

This essay makes a relatively comprehensive comparison of the grammatical function and grammatical meaning of aspectual auxiliaries. Firstly a comparison is made of several of Dingji dialect's aspectual auxiliaries: "liao,guo,diao,dao,le,zhe,zai", comparing differences and similarities in their function and meaning, revealing the manner of their interaction. A further comparison is made with standard Chinese (Putonghua), mainly discussing a number of related grammatical phenomena found in standard Chinese, taking a fresh look at these problems in the light of the research on Dingji dialect, suggesting some new explanations and providing collateral evidence for these studies. A cross sectional comparison with the aspectual auxiliaries of Wu dialect group(NbSo), reveals that the aspectual auxiliary system of Dingji dialect has a relatively close relationship with that of the Wu dialect group, showing that within the grammatical system of the Jianghuai dialect group there is a substratum of the Wu dialect group.

Keywords: Jianghuai dialect group; Wu dialect group; Aspectual auxiliaries; Quantitative analysis.