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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Phonetics and Phonology of Retroflexes Add Dissertation
Author: Silke Hamann Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/silke/
Institution: Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS
Completed in: 2003
Linguistic Subfield(s): Phonetics; Phonology;
Director(s): Wim Zonneveld
Tracy Hall

Abstract: This dissertation investigates the phonetic realization and phono-logical behaviour of the class of retroflexes, i.e. sounds that are articulated with the tongue tip or the underside of the tongue tip against the postalveolar or palatal region. On the basis of four articulatory properties, a new definition of retroflexes is proposed. These properties are apicality, posteriority, sublingual cavity, and retraction; the latter is shown to imply that retroflexes are incom-patible with secondary palatalization.

The phonetic section gives an overview of the factors responsible for the large articulatory variation of retroflexes and discusses putative counterexamples of palatalized retroflexes. In addition, it describes the acoustic realization of retroflexes and proposes the common charac-teristic of a low third fomant.

The phonological section discusses processes involving retro-flexes from a large number of typologically diverse languages. These processes are shown to be grounded in the similar articulatory and acoustic properties of the retroflex class. Furthermore, this section gives a phonological analysis of the processes involving retroflexes in an Optimality Theoretic framework with underlying perceptual repre-sentations, based on Boersma's Functional Phonology. Evidence is presented for the non-universality of the retroflex class, and for the non-necessity of innate phonological features.

This study if of interest to phonologists and phoneticians, especially to those working on the phonetics-phonology interface.