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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."


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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."



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Dissertation Information


Title: The Relationship between EFL Learning Strategies, Degree of Extroversion, and Oral Communication Proficiency Add Dissertation
Author: Patrisius Djiwandono Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: State University of Malang, Department of English Education
Completed in: 1998
Linguistic Subfield(s): Applied Linguistics;
Subject Language(s): English
Director(s): Eugenius Sadtono

Abstract: This study is aimed at attaining three main purposes, namely (1) describing the profile of learning strategies of Indonesian learners when they were learning English for oral communication skill in an ESP-based context, (2) determining the difference between intermediate and beginning learners in both fluency and accuracy activities, and (3) determining the relationship between dimensions of strategy use, extroversion degree, and the oral communication proficiency in English as a foreign language.

The study was carried out in a population of 65 secretarial students who were taking a 48-hour conversation class at Widya Karya University. A simple random sampling was done to select 50 learners out of the entire population. All the 50 learners were taken as the sample for the analyses of relationship between the predictor variables and the criterion variable. To analyze the difference in strategies and learning styles, they were divided into two groups based on a general English proficiency test, namely Intermediate and Beginning groups, with the former consisting of 11 learners and the latter 16 learners.

The data collection phase involved a number of instruments, namely learning style questionnaires, learning strategy questionnaires, extroversion questionnaires, learner diaries, and an interview session. The diaries were used to collect the learners' daily strategies when they were attending to accuracy activities and preparing for fluency activities in the conversation class. The data from learning strategy questionnaires and the interview were used to complement the diary-based data. Finally, a speaking test at the end of the semester was administered to gain the data of the learners' oral communication proficiency in English.