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Voice Quality

By John H. Esling, Scott R. Moisik, Allison Benner, Lise Crevier-Buchman

Voice Quality "The first description of voice quality production in forty years, this book provides a new framework for its study: The Laryngeal Articulator Model. Informed by instrumental examinations of the laryngeal articulatory mechanism, it revises our understanding of articulatory postures to explain the actions, vibrations and resonances generated in the epilarynx and pharynx."

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Let's Talk

By David Crystal

Let's Talk "Explores the factors that motivate so many different kinds of talk and reveals the rules we use unconsciously, even in the most routine exchanges of everyday conversation."

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Dissertation Information

Title: The Dynamics of Fiji English: A study of its use, users and features Add Dissertation
Author: Jan Tent Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Otago, Department of Anthropology
Completed in: 2001
Linguistic Subfield(s): Sociolinguistics;
Subject Language(s): English
Director(s): Donn Bayard
Jacqui Leckie

Abstract: The Dynamics of Fiji English: A Study of its Use, Users, and Features The linguistic situation in Fiji is unique and complex. Of the three major languages spoken in Fiji - Fijian, Fiji Hindi and English - English is the first language of only a tiny portion of the population (< 3%), yet its influence upon the lives of most Fiji Islanders is profound. Over the last 200 years, the role of English has evolved from being merely a source language for foreign loanwords to one of the three de facto official languages, the major language of government, administration, the judicial system, and commerce; the major, and sometimes the only, medium of instruction in the education system; and an important, though by no means the only, lingua franca among people with different first languages. English is also the main language of the media. It is somewhat surprising then that relatively little has been written about the use, users and features of this regional variety of English.

This dissertation first reports on a language attitude and use survey aimed at extending and updating existing knowledge of how, when, and who uses English in Fiji (particularly in relation to Fijian and Hindi). The results of the survey are statistically analysed in terms of speech community, age, education and gender. The most salient phonological, lexical, and grammatical features of Fiji English are then systematically described and analysed. A corpus of 689 distinct lexical items (including numerous examples citations of their use), eighty one-hour recordings of part-European speakers of Fiji English, and 120 recordings of Fijians and Indo-Fijians reading a short passage, as well as personal observations from conversations etc. comprise the data for this examination. Results of the Fijian/Indo-Fijian recordings are also statistically analysed.