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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."



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Dissertation Information


Title: Romanian Applicative Constructions Add Dissertation
Author: Constanta Diaconescu Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Ottawa, Department of Linguistics
Completed in: 2004
Linguistic Subfield(s): Semantics; Syntax;
Subject Language(s): Romanian
Director(s): MarĂ­a Luisa Rivero

Abstract: The aim of this work is the investigation of the syntactic and semantic properties of Romanian clitic doubled la/real dative arguments. The proposal of this thesis is that clitic doubled 'la'/real dative arguments are applicative arguments. The premise of assuming the existence of applicative constructions in Romanian is the alternation of clitic doubled/non clitic doubled dative arguments. Traditional grammar assumes that Romanian dative arguments are optionally clitic doubled. This thesis argues that this optionality is only apparent, and that the dative clitic is the morphological spell-out of an applicative head which licenses the dative argument as its specifier and relates it to the structure it takes as a complement. Applicative arguments are morphologically marked, can appear with both transitive and intransitive verbs, and have a wide range of meanings. The series of meanings of Romanian applicative (i.e., clitic doubled dative) arguments are foreseen by the series of the complements an applicative head may take or by the series of applicatives of which a phrase can be a complement. This proposal provides the set of positions into which an applicative head can merge and license a dative argument, as well as the set of interpretations the argument can obtain in each
position. The set of positions may be verified cross-linguistically, but languages can differ with respect to the positions into which an applicative head is allowed to merge. These assumptions generalize to applied arguments in languages in which they are not marked by dative case (e.g., Greek, English and Bantu languages). To the best of the thesis author's knowledge, this is the first attempt both to propose the existence of applicative constructions in Romanian and to investigate 'la' datives.