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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Dissertation Information

Title: The Typology of the Relative Clause in Old High German: A corpus analysis Add Dissertation
Author: Jiri Janko Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of California, Berkeley, Department of German
Completed in: 2001
Linguistic Subfield(s): Historical Linguistics; Syntax;
Subject Language(s): German, Old High
Director(s): Thomas Shannon
Irmengard Rauch
Werner Abraham
Andreas Kathol

Abstract: The present study is a corpus analysis of the Old High German (750-1050) relative clause founded on a firm theoretical basis. This study provides an unified account of all Old High German (OHG) texts, maintaining throughout distinctions in dialects, in the diachronic evolution of the OHG dialects, as well as in the investigated text types.

Chapter 2 sets the underlying formal framework. Chapter 3 elaborates on past research of the relative clause and investigates the Czech co 'what' relative clause.

Chapter 4 delves into past investigations of the OHG relative clause and seeks a descriptive criterion on the basis of which a firm definition of the OHG relative clause may be established. Chapter 5 investigates the synchronic description of the OHG relative clause on the basis of word order. An empirical investigation determines SVO as the basic OHG relative clause word order and distinguishes the relative clause from the main clause. Chapter 6 considers 140 OHG texts and ca. 6200 token examples to provide a systematic synchronic description of the OHG relative clause. Synchronic variations as well as the diachronic variations in the construction of the OHG relatives are described.

The phenomenon of case attraction, which is at the crux of all investigations of the OHG relative clause syntax, is deliberated and reinterpreted in Chapter 7. On the basis of dialectal and textual considerations, case attraction relative clauses are eliminated from the OHG grammar and substituted by asyndetic free relatives. Chapter 8 is dedicated to the Tatian thie relative marker. The alternation between thie and the relative particle the is considered and a previously unrecognized relative particle thie is posited.

In Chapter 9, the ostensibly illusive OHG personal pronoun relative construction is investigated. Five different personal pronoun relative constructions are observed and a unitary syntactic explanation is provided to describe their synchronic dispersal, dialectal distribution and diachronic evolution. Chapter 10 is dedicated to the therde relative clause. The result of the present study is an empirically comprehensive corpus-based analysis of the OHG relative clause.