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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."



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Dissertation Information


Title: A Contribution to the Study of Silent Pauses and So-Called "Hesitation" Phenomena in Spontaneous Oral French: A study of data from French class narratives Add Dissertation
Author: Maria Candea Update Dissertation
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris III, Department of French and Latin Literature and Linguistics
Completed in: 2000
Linguistic Subfield(s): Phonetics;
Subject Language(s): French
Director(s): Mary-Annick Morel

Abstract: This study investigates so-called 'hesitation' phenomena in non-read oral French, which we prefer to call 'formulation attempt markers', which is to say the 'euh', significant final lengthening, repetition, and immediate self-correction. Particular importance is accorded to the combinations between these markers and with silent pauses.

Our results show that a silent pause following an 'euh' or a lengthening due to an attempt at formulation, as well as silent pauses inserted between two terms of a repetition, all form a distinct group, which we have named 'non structuring pauses' because they are part of the preceding marker and do not contribute to the hierarchy and demarcation of the constituents.

Each marker, studied separately, is characterized by its own length and that of the subsequent pause, by its combination with other markers and its occurrence within mixed accumulated marker sites, by its lexical contexts and (intono-)syntactic distribution. The most common as well as the least frequent configurations are catalogued. This analysis is founded upon (rare) accomplished studies of these markers in French. It attempts to verify, nuance and enrich certain hypotheses which have already been formulated, and is based on 70 minutes of recorded non-read narratives during French class.

Through perception tests and the analysis of 'hesitation' markers intended for the general public by playwrights and actors, this study also contributes to a better understanding of how ordinary speakers represent these phenomena along with their perceptibility.