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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: The Effect of Monolingual and Bilingual Dictionaries on Vocabulary Recall and Retention of EFL Learners
Paper URL: http://www.readingmatrix.com
Author: Abdolmajid Hayati
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Shahid Chamran University
Author: Akram Fattahzadeh
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Tehran
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: The study focuses on the contribution that using bilingual versus monolingual dictionaries might lead to recall and retention of vocabulary. In the meantime it is checked whether or not the speed corresponds to any one of the two dictionaries. For this purpose, 100 Iranian students studying English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at Shahid Chamran University in Ahwaz were asked to take part. From this population 60 intermediate students were selected on the basis of their scores on TOEFL and then were divided into two groups of monolingual and bilingual. The results indicated that students learned a number of vocabularies while reading, whether they used a bilingual or a monolingual dictionary. But the two groups learned nearly the same number of words. Thus dictionary-types have no significant effect on learners' vocabulary recall and retention. Regarding the second hypothesis, results indicated that speed had a direct relation with bilingual dictionaries. Two important by products of this study are as follows: First, in both groups the number of words decreased by the passage of time. And second, the monolingual group's performances contrary to the bilingual one's have not showed a significant difference in interval of the last two tests (p<0.05).
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress
URL: http://www.readingmatrix.com


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