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Academic Paper

Title: Old Norse Influence on the Language of Beowulf: A Reassessment
Author: Leonard Neidorf
Author: Rafael Pascual
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics
Subject Language: English, Old
Norse, Old
Abstract: This article undertakes the first systematic examination of Frank’s (1979, 1981, 1987, 1990, 2007b, 2008) claim that Old Norse influence is discernible in the language of Beowulf. It tests this hypothesis first by scrutinizing each of the alleged Nordicisms in Beowulf, then by discussing various theoretical considerations bearing on its plausibility. We demonstrate that the syntactic, morphological, lexical, and semantic peculiarities that Frank would explain as manifestations of Old Norse influence are more economically and holistically explained as consequences of archaic composition. We then demonstrate that advances in the study of Anglo-Scandinavian language contact provide strong reasons to doubt that Old Norse could have influenced Beowulf in the manner that Frank has proposed. We conclude that Beowulf is entirely devoid of Old Norse influence and that it was probably composed ca. 700, long before the onset of the Viking Age.


This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 31, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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