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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: Vulnerability of clitics and articles to bilingual effects in typically developing Spanish–English bilingual children
Author: Anny Castilla-Earls
Author: Ana Pérez-Leroux
Author: Lourdes Martinez-Nieto
Author: Maria Restrepo
Author: Christopher Barr
Author: Yanping Dong
Author: Ping Li
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Language Acquisition; Linguistic Theories
Subject Language: English
Abstract: When bilinguals produce words in one language, their translation equivalents in the other language are thought to be activated as well. A common assumption is that this parallel co-activation produces interference, which slows down word retrieval. The current study aimed to evaluate the assumption of lexical interference during word retrieval by testing whether late Portuguese–English bilinguals were slower to name pictures in their native language when they knew the word in their second language compared to when they only knew the native language label. Instead of interfering with production, knowing the second-language label facilitated speed of word retrieval in the native language for both cognate and non-cognate translation-equivalent pairs. We suggest that using the second language may provide an indirect frequency boost for translation-equivalent words in the native language. This frequency boost has both long-term and short-term effects, strengthening connections to native-language labels when the translation equivalent is retrieved.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 23, Issue 4, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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