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Academic Paper


Title: Semantic encoding of spoken sentences: Adult aging and the preservation of conceptual short-term memory
Author: Deborah M. Little
Institution: University of Illinois at Chicago
Author: Lauren M. McGrath
Institution: University of Denver
Author: Kristen J. Prentice
Institution: University of Maryland
Author: Arthur Wingfield
Institution: Brandeis University
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Abstract: Traditional models of human memory have postulated the need for a brief phonological or verbatim representation of verbal input as a necessary gateway to a higher level conceptual representation of the input. Potter has argued that meaningful sentences may be encoded directly in a conceptual short-term memory (CSTM) running parallel in time to such a phonological store. The primary aim of the current study was to evaluate two main tenets of the CSTM model: that linguistic context biases selection of information entering the conceptual store, and that information not integrated into a coherent structure is rapidly forgotten. Results confirmed these predictions for spoken sentences heard by both young and older adults, supporting the generality of the model and suggesting that CSTM remains stable in normal aging.

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This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 27, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .



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