"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Large alphabet languages such as Chinese are very different from English, and therefore present different problems for text compression. In this article, we first examine the characteristics of Chinese, then we introduce a new variant of the Prediction by Partial Match (PPM) model especially for Chinese characters. Unlike the traditional PPM coding schemes, which encodes an escape probability if a novel character occurs in the context, the new coding scheme directly encodes the order first before encoding a symbol, without having to output an escape probability. This scheme achieves excellent compression rates in comparison with other schemes on a variety of Chinese text files.