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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Academic Paper


Title: Kafa Phonology
Paper URL: http://www.reference-global.com/doi/abs/10.1515/JALL.2007.010
Author: Rolf Theil
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.hf.uio.no/iln/om-instituttet/ansatte/vit/rolfe.xml
Institution: University of Oslo
Linguistic Field: Phonology
Subject Language: Kafa
Abstract: Two analyses are presented, Kafa I (with foreign sounds) and Kafa II (without foreign sounds). Kafa I is interpreted as the contemporary phonology, while Kafa II is the historical stage preceding the time when Amharic loanwords started to enter the language in larger quantities. Not all phonemes of Kafa I are equally integrated in the phonological system; phonemes with a low frequency are least integrated, and tend to be replaced by phonologically similar phonemes with a higher frequency. Both analyses differ from earlier ones, primarily because some distinctive consonant oppositions postulated earlier turn out to be non-distinctive when quantity is taken care of in a more exact way. Kafa II consonant clusters are shown to constitute strictly defined sets, and most foreign clusters in Kafa I do not differ radically from the native ones.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress
Publication Info: Journal of African Languages and Linguistics. Vol. 28, No. 2, December 2007: pp. 193–216, ISSN (Online) 1613-3811, ISSN (Print) 0167-6164, DOI: 10.1515/JALL.2007.010.
URL: http://www.reference-global.com/doi/abs/10.1515/JALL.2007.010


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