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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Deictification: the development of secondary deictic meanings by adjectives in the English NP
Author: Kristin Davidse
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Author: Tine Breban
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Author: An Van linden
Institution: University of Leuven
Linguistic Field: Semantics; Syntax
Abstract: In this article we make a case for recognizing deictification as a type of grammaticalization and semantic shift in the NP analogous to auxiliarization in the VP. The specific analogy we point out is between lexical verbs that grammaticalize into secondary auxiliaries bound by the finite, as in is going to, has to, + verb, and lexically full adjectives that grammaticalize into postdeterminers bound by the primary determiner, as in a different, the same, + noun. We present five case studies of the development of postdeterminer meanings, based on the analysis of diachronic and synchronic data. The adjectives studied are opposite, complete, old, regular and necessary, whose postdeterminer uses relate to the basic deictic systems of space, quantity, time and modality. Our analysis of the data shows that the mechanism of secondary deictification can be given a unified characterization as the semantic shift by which a general relation expressed by the adjective is given a subjective reference point in or relative to the speech event.


This article appears IN English Language and Linguistics Vol. 12, Issue 3.

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